By McClatchy Newspapers
Nov. 18, 2008
Translated from the Arabic by Sahar Issa, Jenan Hussein and Hussein Kadhim of the McClatchy Baghdad Bureau.
An Agreement between the Republic of Iraq and the United States of America regarding the Withdrawal of the American Forces from Iraq and Regulating their Activities During their Temporary Presence in it
The United States of America and the Republic of Iraq – which will hereafter be referred to as the two parties – recognize the importance of strengthening their joint security and participating in global peace and stability, fighting terrorism in Iraq and cooperating in the fields of security and defense to deter aggression and threats directed towards the sovereignty and unity of Iraq and its constitutional, federal, democratic system;
They hereby confirm that this cooperation is built upon the basis of mutual respect for each other’s full sovereignty and according to the objectives and principles of the UN mandate;
And according to the wish of both parties to reach a mutual understanding to enhance cooperation between them;
Without encroaching upon the sovereignty of Iraq, upon its soil, water or airspace, and upon the basis of being two independent, equal states of sovereignty, have agreed to the following:
Scope and Purpose
This agreement defines the basic rules and requirements that regulate the temporary presence of the American Forces in Iraq, their activities in it and their withdrawal from Iraq.
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November 20, 2008
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Iraq-US Security Pact: Bitter battles ahead?
Leila Fadel: Iraq deal will NOT allow residual forces, but opponents say too many loopholes
On Sunday the Iraqi government agreed to keep U.S. troops in the country for three more years although this does rest upon the approval of Iraqi parliament, who is meeting later this month. This agreement does not come without it’s critics including disapproval from other government officials and Iran officials.
The Real News spoke to McClatchy’s Baghdad Bureau Chief, Leila Fadel who seems optimistic about this agreement, “I think the way that this agreement should really be looked at is the end of what is deemed as U.S. occupation”. Although she did express concern over the likelihood of the bill passing parliament stating “at this point it’s unclear…..but there’s still a lot of opposition” referring to the Sadrist and Sunni elements within the government who are vehemently against the proposed agreement. Yesterday discussions in parliament were canceled due to fighting over the proposed agreement.
Fadel feels that this agreement ultimately puts power back in the hands of Iraqi people noting it “basically says the Americans must withdraw” and this means “the Iraqi government will have a lot more say about what happens in their country.” However, contestants are justifiably concerned over potential loops holes.
With such opposition to the agreement Fadel says, “I see a lot of bitter battles in the future once this agreement goes in to place”.