At the beginning of the century, while the United States was still embroiled in military interventions in the Balkans and had launched what would become the longest war in its history in Afghanistan with the invasion of Iraq to follow, it was also laying the groundwork for subordinating the African continent to a new military command.
With 4.5 percent of the world’s population, the U.S. accounts for approximately 30 percent of crude oil consumption. Although the world’s third largest producer of crude, it imports over 60 percent of what it consumes (12.4 of 20.7 million barrels it uses daily). A decade ago 15 percent of those imports came from the Gulf of Guinea region on Africa’s Atlantic Ocean coast, mainly from Nigeria, and it is projected that the proportion will increase to 25 percent in the next four years.
When people want to communicate ideas they use language. Language is a medium of exchange. Without language people are reduced to physical touching or hand signals and have to be physically present with each other to communicate. With language people can exchange ideas with others in different centuries through books and in faraway places through the internet, newspapers and telephones. Sharing ideas leads to increasingly complex social agreements, concepts, inventions and discoveries, raising the standard of living and the level of expertise for the whole society.