The Omnipresent Pressure to Conform by Graham Peebles

Mobile Phones And Abercrombie

Image by Garry Knight via Flickr

by Graham Peebles
Writer, Dandelion Salad
London, England
April 26, 2017

It was the school holidays and there were lots of teenagers in my local park. I sometimes spot them meandering home, but I rarely see them en masse as it were. Blind to the bluebells, peacocks and glories of nature all around us, they were glued to their palm-sized screens. What were they so engrossed in – some kind of game or trivial video, a map of the park perhaps, unnecessary given the proliferation of signs? Are they texting, e-mailing, or trawling through the Internet, or all of the above? If one did not know what these shiny seductive objects were, one might think that they controlled the person, rather than the other way round. And to a large degree they do.

For parents of teenagers, seeing groups of young people within a smartphone bubble, isolated from and, crucially, with no awareness of the environment around them or other people, is, I expect, commonplace. For me it was shocking. Equally startling and somewhat depressing was the herd-like behaviour. Where was the individuality here; has the uniformity of the high street or shopping centre, the café or restaurant, hotel or housing development infiltrated the minds of human beings, young and not so young? So it would appear.

There is tremendous pressure on everyone to conform to a particular stereotype, to be easily categorised as a certain type of person. The reasons are clear and predictably crude – to allow governments to build a database of who we are and what we think, and to enable advertisers to better target ‘consumers’. We’re no longer persons anymore of course, we’re vessels of consumption into which stuff, mostly stuff we don’t need, can be endlessly poured. The pressure to conform to a constructed ideal is perhaps most acute within youth culture; to look and dress in a particular way, act in a certain manner and want a specific lifestyle. Girls and young women are expected to be slim, beautiful, dressed in the latest high street fashions, which of course change with every season to maintain the consumer frenzy; they should be sexy and sexually active, glossy, as well as achieving high marks at school or University. For men or boys the predominantly macho image presented on TV, in films, video games etc., is perhaps even more prescriptive and inhibiting. The pressure is colossal: it is not accidental, and it is making lots of people, young and not so young, ill.

Independent thinking and creative exploration are key enemies of the forces behind this worldwide attack on true individuality, and so an assault on the creative arts is being waged in many developed countries. Under the spurious banner of ‘austerity’ and ‘fiscal responsibility’ – a set of far right excuses to justify decimating public services – funding to the creative arts; theatres, dance groups, Opera, ballet etc., is being slashed. The scope of work groups can offer is reduced, admission prices, already too high, increased, further restricting access to a predominantly elitist world. Education budgets are being attacked in many countries and art education (together with social science and physical exercise) in schools is the first to be axed or drastically reduced – despite the fact that it improves students’ academic results. According to the National Endowment for the Arts, “students who study art are 4 times more likely to be recognized for academic achievement and 3 times more likely to be awarded for school attendance.” The problem with creative education from the point of view of those who want a drowsy, frightened population that won’t challenge the status quo too loudly or think of alternative ways of running society, is that it stimulates independent thought, allows for individuality and feeds anarchic discontent.

Conformity together with fear is the cornerstone of control, and the current education system in most developed countries drives both into children from beginning to end. Conformity and competition are built into the system; both are crippling and inhibiting, feeding fear, and conditioning the mind, not just for childhood and early adulthood but often for life. As Krishnamurti made clear in Education and the Significance of Life, “conventional education makes independent thinking extremely difficult. Conformity leads to mediocrity. To be different from the group or to resist [ones] environment is not easy and is often risky as long as we worship success…the search for inward or outward security, the desire for comfort – this whole process smothers discontent, puts an end to spontaneity and breeds fear; and fear blocks the intelligent understanding of life. With increasing age, dullness of mind and heart sets in,” and whatever fight there was in the man or woman to begin with is drained away.

Add to the inhibiting education environment in which many young people find themselves, a social media blanket of uniformity, mainstream media – TV, radio, crass gossip magazines, trashy tabloids and dishonest advertising selling a hollow materialistic life-style – and the many headed hydra pushing people to think and act in a certain way, begins to raise its ugly head above the sea of stress, self-harm, and suicide. The inability to express oneself naturally and freely for fear of being seen to be ‘different’, inevitably results in stasis of some kind, which may lead to so-called disruptive behaviour, or some form of disease, mental or physiological.

Of course we all need to live within the moral codes agreed by society, but psychological and sociological conformity has nothing to do with respecting the laws and traditions of a country: they are to do with control and fear, and with the rise of the right that is now taking place throughout the world, such suppressive methods are set to become even more intense. True individuality – the manifestation of our innate nature, not the distorted individuality that places selfish desire and ambition above the welfare of others, should be encouraged and fostered, and conformity in all its devious, pernicious forms called out and resisted.

Graham Peebles is a freelance writer. His collected essays are at He can be reached at:

from the archives:

Chris Hedges: The Failing Education System

Chris Hedges: The Corporate State’s Assault on the Arts

The Problem is Civil Obedience by Howard Zinn

The Man From the North: Three R’s They Don’t Teach In School by Rivera Sun

The Downsides of Cheap Abundance by Ralph Nader

21 thoughts on “The Omnipresent Pressure to Conform by Graham Peebles

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  14. The arts are not immune to the same pressures. I was a music major as an undergraduate. There was plenty of pressure to conform in that environment and it was highly, highly competitive. — probably at least as much or more as in most other professions or college majors. And I don’t think that pressure was put on us so much as we put it on ourselves. As an artist, you want to be the best you can be. So the arts are not immune to this sort of mentality. In my experience, I found the opposite to be true of the notion that it somehow makes a person a freer thinker except, perhaps, with regard to identity issues. It’s only when one is able to get to a certain level of proficiency that you can to buck those pressures and still eek out a living provided you have the talent and a following or sponsorship or help of some sort and I don’t think that’s just true for musical arts. I bucked those pressures from the beginning (and being of modest talent and ability, paid a price). Most of my friends in college were from a variety of other disciplines (I found most music majors very boring, narrowly focused, and highly egotistical).. And for my money, there lies the true value of higher education — that opportunity to get exposure to a variety of people and thinking for those willing to avail themselves of that opportunity. In my experience, however, the number of people that did that were few. And to be honest, I don’t think being a music major did much for my grades — at least not in my case — although in hindsight I think it would have been better if I had merely minored in music and done something else instead. But the scholarship paid the tuition.

  15. I am an artist and waitress and approach tables with EVERY member of the party or family engrossed in cell phone usage. Tiny babies have screens propped up. No conversation, no interaction, no socializing happens the entire meal. One man had to text his wife to find out how he liked his meat cooked, actually this happens a lot where people text to find out what they like or want. Cell dependence varies incredibly consistently between races, and I live in the San Francisco Bay Area so I see interesting patterns.

  16. Excellent essay. I rarely go to shopping malls; in fact, had not been for more than 5 years. However, an upcoming trip necessitated a shopping mall trip to find a carry on bag. I saw exactly what you described: herds of young people, dressed to mimic an advertiser’s polished and cookie-cutter ideal, all head down in their cell phones. It reminded me of one reason I don’t go to shopping malls: they represent a distallation of so much that is so wrong with our society and especially as relates to young people.

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