by Greg Maybury
Guest Writer, Dandelion Salad
Pox Amerikana, Sept. 19, 2017
September 21, 2017
…[In] such trying games of conquest, results might never be expected to take shape quickly…Imperial stratagems are protracted affairs. The captains of world aggression measure their achievements…on a timescale whose unit is the generation. It’s within such a frame that the incubation of Nazism should be gauged: it was a long and elaborate plan to eliminate the possibility of German hegemony over the continent. And the stewards of the empire took their time.’ — Conjuring Hitler: How Britain and America Created the Third Reich, Guido Preparata (© 2006)
‘Germany’s unforgivable crime before the second world war was her attempt to extricate her economic power from the world’s trading system and to create her own exchange mechanism which would deny world finance its opportunity to profit.’ — Winston Churchill to Lord Robert Boothby, quoted in the Foreword, Propaganda in the Next War (2/e), Sidney Rogerson (© 2001)
‘History is like a badly constructed concert hall, [with] dead spots where the music can’t be heard.’ — Archibald MacLeish (© 1967)
‘Money plays the largest part in determining the course of history’. — The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx (1848)
Brief: With all the talk about a third world war, it isn’t just instructive but essential to understand the real origins and causes of the first two. Like the proposition it was Germany’s imperial ambition that kindled the First World War in 1914, the notion that the rise of Adolf Hitler was an aberrant manifestation of the economic, social, and political chaos prevailing in post-War Germany is one we still teach our kids in school, and embrace without question in our public discourse. Both of these doctrines—to this day perpetuated by the custodians of the historical record on behalf of the Anglo-American-Zionist establishment—are the most enduring deceits and existentially dangerous delusions infecting the Western body politic. There seems no better time to begin appreciating the implications for humanity of preserving them. To underscore this, it’s sufficient to grasp that the power elite mindsets, societal developments, economic conditions, and the broad geopolitical goals and objectives that marked the prelude to these cataclysmic events uncannily parallel so many of those unfolding now. As we will see, this is not simply a matter of history tripping over itself once again!
The Protracted Affairs of Imperial Stratagems
By way of a fitting entrée into the main course of our narrative, the following anecdotes should serve us well. In his myth-shattering 2006 tome Conjuring Hitler: How Britain and America Created the Third Reich, Guido Preparata recounts the occasion when Joachim von Ribbentrop, later to become Germany’s U.K. ambassador and then her foreign minister, travelled to Britain in May 1935 to ‘negotiate’ of all things, German naval rearmament ratios with the stewards of the Empire du jour. During his trip the then military attaché of the Japanese embassy in London, Captain Arata Oka, bent the ear of the former champagne salesman cum Nazi diplomat with this sage advice:
‘…Never forget….the British are the most cunning people on earth, and that they graduated to absolute masters in the art of negotiation as well as in that of manipulating the press and public opinion.’
As history tells it, neither Ribbentrop nor his beloved Führer Adolf Hitler fully appreciated the history behind Oka’s counsel or its implications.
And in what will doubtless resonate with folks critical of the present state of the world banking and financial sector and its amoral alchemists, on another occasion the following exchange took place between an unnamed American banker/financier and the then President of the Reichsbank Hjalmar Schacht, the Nazi’s banker and for a time the Third Reich’s ‘economic Führer’. In this most telling of historical tête-à-têtes, the American snootily suggested to the financial guru—one of three men pivotal to the Wirtschaftswunder, the fabled German economic miracle that enabled it to revitalize its economy after the turmoil of the Weimar era and the devastation of the Great Depression, and from there rebuild its formidable war machine—that he (Schacht) ‘…should come to America. We’ve lots of money, and that’s real banking.’ Not to be upstaged, in a priceless (and for some, possibly rare), moment of Teutonic Drolligkeit, Schacht reportedly countered with this: ‘[No] You should come to Berlin. We don’t have any money. Now that’s real banking.1
What lends this exchange—on its face at least—even more compelling irony is the reality that whilst Germany was experiencing this economic resurrection, the U.S. itself (indeed Europe and the West in general including here in Australia) was still wallowing in the pits of the Great Depression, one that had been purpose-built by the financial and banking elites of the Anglo-American establishment. Which is to say, the outcome of this state of affairs was not an accident of history, bringing to mind a remark attributed to the then U.S. Depression-era president Franklin D Roosevelt (FDR), ‘In politics, nothing happens by accident….[I]f it happens, you can bet it was planned that way’.
Now although some doubt whether FDR was cited correctly, in the case of the German “economic miracle”, the sentiment of this quote is nonetheless apposite to our narrative. For that matter, FDR might as well have been talking about some of the events (Pearl Harbor anyone?) in which he himself played a role. Much of what came before, including the chain of events in the twenty-odd years prior to 1914, and most of the key events between 1919 and the outbreak of its sequel 20 years later, were most definitely planned with malice aforethought. This included the rise of Hitler—or at least someone like him—and the “Good War” itself.
Around three years ago, two Scottish authors Gerry Docherty and Jim Macgregor, published a book called Hidden History – The Secret Origins of the First World War. As the title hinted, their investigations uncovered many of the biggest deceptions, lies, and treacheries that attended the events and developments leading to the outbreak of the Great War of 1914-18, and which have long been excluded from the official narrative. To all intents, they’ve turned on its head everything we think we know and were taught about this war. Taking my cue from their research, this writer penned an essay titled From Great Games, Come Great Wars.
Along with showcasing the significance of their work, I attempted to provide a broader perspective on the war’s origins, conduct, outcomes, and the lessons such a perspective might have for us all today. One might briefly sum up their findings this way: they completely obliterated any of the accepted notions that it was Germany’s militarism and imperial ambition that precipitated the Great War. They laid the full blame squarely on the Warmongers of Whitehall, with Tsarist Russia and France playing back-up. It was in short, the then stewards of the Empire upon which it was oft said the ‘sun never set’, who’d secretly planned—then deliberately railroaded Germany into—this most consequential of conflicts. Their book delivered us a radical new and updated verdict on who the real good guys and bad guys were. (And when it comes to playing the Great Game, their work unequivocally reinforced Captain Oka’s observation about the British being the ‘most cunning people on earth’.)
Such is the achievement of their master class of historical revisionism, it recalls Gore Vidal’s quip about history’s “official fictions”, all of which have been ‘agreed upon by altogether too many too interested parties, each with his own thousand days in which to set up his own misleading pyramids and obelisks that purport to tell sun-time’. With their book (the content embracing the factors leading to the outbreak of war), together with their “Hidden History” website (its content expanding on their research to include new findings on the actual conduct of the conflict), if there’s a more complete, better documented, and authentic history of this War, it’s difficult to think of any that approach it in ambition, scale, and significance. Or that obliterate utterly Vidal’s “pyramids and obelisks”. Needless to say, the book was all but ignored by the MSM reviewers, its content also unlikely to ‘inspire’ the writers of history textbooks anytime soon.
(Author’s Note: Macgregor and Docherty will be publishing later this year a sequel of sorts to Hidden History, titled Prolonging The Agony: How International Bankers and Their Political Partners Deliberately Extended WWI. I’ve been privy to an advance copy, and it will form the basis of my next essay. As the title indicates, it promises to be as iconoclastic as their first work. I’ve been posting extracts from this book on both my Facebook pages here and here, and will continue to do so for interested readers up until publication time.)
For all we can say about the work of Macgregor and Docherty, we might say same about another similarly inclined truth-seeker, who’s revealed that most of what we’ve accepted as gospel about the roots and triggers of World War Two is equally myth-laden. In Conjuring Hitler, the aforementioned Preparata goes to great lengths to deep-six the notion of WWII as the “Good War”, of Hitler’s rise as an accident of history, and most importantly, that of Great Britain and America and the assorted allies, including my own country Australia, as the “good guys.
At the outset, the author unambiguously lays out his stall, simultaneously emphasising the credence of his central thesis whilst flagging its contemporary import:
‘The leitmotiv of this book is the conscious nature of the effort expended by the British to preserve the empire, it being understood that such an effort was worthwhile even if it meant surrendering leadership to the American brethren, whom the London clubs cultivated as their spiritual heirs. The message here is that Britain’s imperial way was possibly the most atrocious manifestation of Machiavellism in modern history… ..[she knew] of no means that could not justify the end. To achieve world hegemony, Britain did not retract from planning in Germany an interminable season of pain and chaos to incubate an eerie, native force, which she thought of manipulating in a second world conflict…All of this was, from 1919-1945, a cool-headed, calculated plot…I’m aware such a thesis might easily lend itself to being booed as another grotesque conspiracy theory; [but]…this thesis provides a collection of clues and solid evidence, which have been available for years, and have formed a platform for those students of history who’ve had the candor to acknowledge that the central tenet of international relations was, then as now, secrecy.’
Of course, Preparata—not unlike Docherty and Macgregor did with the Great War—is by no means the first to illuminate the Anglo-American establishment’s role in the manipulation of events that led to the second great conflagration of the last century. His book is exceptionally well referenced and draws on the work of many others, obscure and not so obscure, who’ve traversed in varying degrees this path before or contributed to a clearer understanding of the extraordinarily complex chain of events. These include people as diverse as Niall Ferguson, Charles Higham, David Irving (yes, that one!), Louis Kilzer, George Kennan, Ian Kershaw, Richard Pipes, Carroll Quigley, Anthony Sutton, Webster Tarpley, and many others.
Apart from being one of the most up-to-date, accurate accounts of the European war and its causes, perhaps what makes Preparata’s book unique in so many ways is his more or less equal emphasis on the economic and financial factors, as much as he does the more usual examination of the political, social, and ideological trends that gave rise to this apocalyptic cataclysm. We’re in “follow the money” territory, writ large!
Beyond that, Conjuring Hitler is an astonishing expose of the supremely furtive, audaciously amoral collusions undertaken in the inter-war years by the financial, political, diplomatic, and industrial elites in Britain, the U.S., Russia, and Germany. These were fuelled by the overarching geopolitical imperatives as articulated by Sir Halford Mackinder, the Empire’s gifted draughtsman of world economic and political dominion, aka the patron saint of Great Gamers. (Think here Zbigniew Brzezinski, Henry Kissinger, et.al.)
Where the Real Bankers Are
Preparata’s achievements are many, not least how he intricately weaves the narrative to encompass all key factors, not just the financial and economic ones. And what a “narrative” this is! In his account of the financial machinations that were key to facilitating Hitler’s ascent—he highlights everything from:
- [How] Germany was quietly allowed to forgo payment of the bulk of the onerous reparations imposed on it at the Treaty of Versailles; [to]
- [How] the currency manipulations which both deliberately triggered the massive inflationary trends of the early Weimar republic and later, the onset of the Great Depression; [to]
- [How] the Nazis, once in power, were able to perform their economic ‘miracle’ and from there fund the buildup of their formidable military machine, herein again defying the diktats of Versailles.
In this, Preparata presents an expansive vista of monumentally criminal calculation and deception. Such grand ambitions were designed with one aim: for Britain and France—in collusion with Stalin—to ensnare Germany into another world war so as to permanently curtail any future Teutonic geopolitical ambition, whether unilaterally or, in the Empire’s worst nightmare scenario, in alliance with Russia. It was, in short order, designed to crush Germany once and for all.
There are essentially three key people who ‘hold court’ in Preparata’s narrative, and it’s telling that none of them are Hitler himself. These include Montagu Norman, the Governor of the Bank of England (BoE); the aforementioned Hjalmar Schacht; and Benjamin Strong, the then Chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve. Make no mistake though: It is Norman who’s the most significant figure in this triumvirate. By colluding with the others to assemble his ingeniously iniquitous contrivances with currencies, credit (or debt), and commodities (the stock-in-trade of the global economy even then), this financial uber-savant was possibly the most influential—read: manipulative—political player in twentieth-century history most folks have never heard of. Put differently, no Norman, no Weimar hyperinflation, no Hitler, no Nazis; no 1929 Crash, no Great Depression; no Führer, Third Reich, German rearmament, no World War II, and well…. One gets the drift!
If it is true that ‘all wars are bankers’ wars’, then Norman’s legacy remains an ineradicable testimony to that adage! The imperial stewards—to use Preparata’s phrase, the “Captains of World Aggression”—would never in their wildest imaginings have been able to achieve their goals without the Master Tailor of Threadneedle Street; he was their most secret, dangerous, and secretive of weapons. This was an assiduously furtive man with a mind like a steel-trap, attended by an amoral ambition and cunning more than befitting that of a Bond villain, one utterly enamored with the preservation and ultimate expansion of his much cherished British Empire.
Insofar as the Wirtschaftswunder went, such was the extraordinary feat of financial engineering, political corruption, grandly cynical realpolitik, and devious economic policy manipulation undertaken by the key players in this history diverting enterprise, it might well have left the estimable Nicola Machiavelli gasping for breath in admiration at the sheer audacity of their gambit to begin with, leave alone any mention of the accomplishment itself. Need we say anymore? Well “yes”, we can and should!
It’s worth recalling for our purposes herein the words of Edwin Knuth from his 1944 book The Empire of “The City”: The Secret History of British Financial Power. Knuth elucidated even before the war had ended how the Empire’s extraordinary control of the world financial system—possibly even more significant than its fabled rule of the world’s “waves”—had enabled their hegemonic supremacy in the world order up to that point. After noting that for nations to obtain and secure power ‘it is essential to ignore the moral laws of man and of God’, he had the following to say:
‘…promises must be made only with the intention to deceive and to mislead others to sacrifice their own interests; that the most brutal atrocity must be committed as a matter of mere convenience; that friends or allies must be betrayed as matter of course as soon as they have served their purpose. But, it is also decreed that these atrocities must be kept hidden from the common people except only where they are of use to strike terror to the hearts of opponents; that there must be kept up a spurious aspect of benevolence and benefit for the greater number of the people, and even an aspect of humility to gain as much help as possible.’
Though he made no mention of Norman’s role, Knuth could well have had him in mind when he penned the above words. That the Governor had no compunction in making promises ‘with the intention to deceive and to mislead others to sacrifice their own interests’ in order to precipitate another global conflict is patently evident and irrefutable: Preparata is unsparing in defining the motives and identifying the means by which he went about his business. That Norman, like the stewards—notably the execrable Winston Churchill and his coterie—was prepared to risk destroying the very Empire to which he was in thrall in order to save it is an even more sobering conclusion. If all this rings strikingly deja vu now, then that’s because it probably is. Indeed, Preparata asserts the following unequivocally, ‘the present geopolitical policy of the United States is a direct and wholly consistent continuation of the old imperial strategy of Britain’. [Emphasis added.]
By Webster Tarpley’s account, Norman could not have hoped to play the role of ‘currency dictator’ of Europe and America on his Pat Malone. His trump card was ‘his ability to manipulate the policies of the United States Federal Reserve System [the ‘Fed’] through a series of Morgan-linked puppets.’ In this enterprise, Norman was served well by his more than willing marionette Strong, Fed chair from 1914 until his death in 1929, himself ‘an operative’ as Tarpley notes, ‘of the House of Morgan’. (Strong, after his death, was later succeeded by one George Harrison; little changed thereafter—it was ‘same horse, different cowboy’). Along with ‘owning a large piece’ of Schacht, Tarpley further observes that,
‘…Norman himself, along with King Edward VIII, Lady Astor and Neville Chamberlain, was one of the strongest supporters of Hitler in the British aristocracy. Norman put his personal prestige on the line in September, 1933 to support the Hitler regime in its first attempt to float a loan in London. The Bank of England’s consent was…indispensable for floating a foreign bond issue, and Norman made sure that the “Hitler bonds” were warmly recommended in the City.’
At this point, it’s important to mention another extraordinary individual who features in Preparata’s book, albeit one who does not play a direct role in the narrative, but whose thinking clearly has informed his retelling of the backstory of the circumstances leading to Hitler’s rise. It was Norwegian-born American economist and social scientist Thorstein Veblen who was, in the author’s summation, the largely unsung sage who anticipated the rise of someone like Hitler, and later, after the Treaty of Versailles was ratified, the consequences arising from the treaty, and he predicted where they would lead. As an inveterate student of Germanic history, society, culture, and its political economy, Veblen went so far as to prophesy the Great Depression and the eventual showdown between Germany and Russia, which was to be sure, the end game of the stewards.
Incredibly, Veblen portended all this more than 20 years prior to the events taking place. As Preparata notes, Veblen’s prescience, which appeared in a review of celebrated economist John Maynard Keynes’ book on Versailles, The Economic Consequences of the Peace, ‘…stands possibly as Political Economy’s most extraordinary document—a testimony of the highest genius—and as the lasting and screaming accusation of the horrendous plot that was being hatched by the British during the six months of the Peace Conference following World War I.’ [Emphasis added].
For historians, diplomats, geopolitical analysts, and politicians, many a meal has been made out of the dangers of appeasement, such that in foreign policy circles it is something of a dirty word. Indeed, whenever Godwin’s Law is invoked, the terms “appeasement” or “appeaser” are not far behind. The policy of “appeasement” is considered to be one of the British Empire’s gravest foreign policy mistakes. But in Conjuring Hitler, Preparata disabuses us of this notion: “appeasement” was a travesty, a charade, a diplomatic dog ‘n pony show of the first order; in a word, a ‘scam’. If there was a “mistake” made, it was on the part of the Germans who bought the Whitehall Warmongers’ audacious game-plan. History repeats itself as it did in the lead-up to the Great War. In short, there was no real division. As Preparata notes, the truth is somewhat different:
‘The British establishment was a monolithic structure: the dissension among the stewards, if any, was over policy, never over principles and goals, which were the same for all. The British were never torn by disagreement as to what ought to be done with Hitler. That much was obvious: destroy him in time, and raze Germany to the ground – imperial logic demanded it. Rather, the point was a pragmatic one: how could the Nazis be most suitably bamboozled into stepping, anew, into a pitfall on two fronts? The answer: by dancing with them. And dance the British would, twirling round the diplomatic ballroom of the 1930s, always leading, and drawing patterns as they spun that followed in fact a predictable trajectory.’ [Emphasis added].
Guido Preparata Interview
Guido Preparata discusses his book Conjuring Hitler: How Britain and America made the Third Reich. Herein he talks about how Great Britain fomented two world wars to prevent an alliance forming between Germany and Russia and how the rise of National Socialism in Germany was not an aberration or accident of history but the result of Anglo-American financial support and intrigue. He also talks about why it all matters in the here and now.
The Captains of World Aggression
The notable rise in recent years of extreme right, neo-Nazi, pro-Hitlerite sentiment within national boundaries and across the broad geopolitical landscape—whether from the Ukraine to Charlottesville and seemingly all points in between—have elicited some fascinating, yet perplexing responses from surprising quarters.
What’s also a noteworthy trend is the earnest, hand-wringing propensity to label the West’s latest bete noir, from Slobodan Milosevic (Serbia), Saddam Hussein (Iraq), Muammar Gadhafi (Libya), Bashar al-Assad (Syria), Kim Jong-un (North Korea), to Russia’s Vladimir Putin and a multitude of other non-compliant flies in the globalists’ ointment, as the next “Adolf Hitler”. It seems it is so ingrained in the collective psychopathology of our political, media, and ruling power establishment, it’s become, as per the ‘dictates’ (sorry) of Godwin’s Law, a self-perpetuating meme.
Quite apart from highlighting the mix of revulsion and fascination with which history’s most consequential regime and its unforgettable leader is held, both of these trends open up plenty of room for a renewed discussion about the circumstances surrounding the rise of Hitler and his Nazi hordes. To underscore this unholy fusion of irony, sanctimony, hypocrisy, self-delusion, dissembling, and groupthink—all attended by the selective historical witlessness—that characterises such utterances, it is worth mentioning that in the first instance, recently we witnessed the truly Alice in Wonderland spectacle of former presidents George HW Bush and his son George “W” holding court decrying the “violence, anti-Semitism, and hatred” evident in the Charlottesville, Virginia riots. In response, they issued a media statement, which in part read:
‘As we pray [for Charlottesville], we are reminded of the fundamental truths in the Declaration of Independence: we are all created equal and endowed by our creator with unalienable rights. We know these truths to be everlasting because we have seen the decency and greatness of our country.’ [Emphasis added.]
Placing to one side the predictable yet patently laughable “decency and greatness” conceit employed in the statement (itself a thinly veiled repudiation of the current Oval One’s perceived refusal to condemn the extreme right elements involved in the violence), the first observation one feels obliged to make about this stance upon the part of Bush père et fils is that it’s reasonable to assume only a small minority of Americans would be familiar with the dynasty’s less than auspicious backstory. In this, they could be forgiven for taking at face value their elder statesmen’s (sic) earnest concerns about the forces driving events in Charlottesville. Even many who weren’t fans of either president doubtless may have been inclined to accept they had their hearts (or what passes for reasonable facsimiles thereof) in the right place.
Yet those of us with a deeper knowledge of America’s past in respect of all things Nazi-related—in this case that of the Bushes’ forbears—have a much more nuanced perspective. If we shake the Bush family tree, a more interesting if sobering, picture emerges. Put simply, the late US senator Prescott Bush, “Poppy’s” old man and Number 43’s granddaddy, was a director and shareholder of numerous companies that profited from their involvement with the financial backers of Nazi Germany. In the main, this was via his connections to the ‘venerable’ Wall Street behemoth, Brown Brothers Harriman, described by Webster Tarpley as ‘one of the most evil and most powerful banks in modern American history.’ A 2004 Guardian report is one amongst many revelations of Prescott Bush’s business dealings with the regime which went well beyond Pearl Harbor, and as the report notes,
‘…continued until his company’s assets were seized in 1942 under the Trading with the Enemy Act, has led more than 60 years later to a civil action for damages being brought in Germany against the Bush family by two former slave labourers at Auschwitz….’
This is only a hint of the family’s involvement in the rise of history’s most reviled regime, and for a deeper elucidation of their sordid past over three generations, Russ Baker’s excellent 2008 book A Family of Secrets: The Bush Dynasty, the Invisible Government, and the Hidden History of the Past Fifty Years is an indispensable eye-opener to American political ‘royalty’ and their inextricable links to the Deep State such as that exemplified by the Bushes.
Yet, as it turns out, amongst America’s ruling classes, the Bush family were far from being unique in this endeavour. Many familiar names along with well-known corporate, industrial, and Wall Street entities—indeed some of the world’s most famous brand-names—knowingly facilitated Hitler’s rise to power, and from there, knowingly aided and abetted the construction of the Nazi war machine, some efforts even extending well beyond Hitler’s ultimately reluctant declaration of war on the so-called “sleeping giant”. In his seminal 1976 expose, Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler, Anthony Sutton2 neatly summarised these links:
- Wall Street financed the German cartels in the mid-1920s which in turn proceeded to bring Hitler to power;
- the financing for Hitler came in part from affiliates of U.S. firms, including Ford [Motor Co.], General Electric, Standard Oil, General Motors, IBM, and I.T.T. … up to 1944;
- multi-nationals under the control of Wall Street profited handsomely from Hitler’s military construction program at least until 1942; and
- these same international bankers used political influence in the U.S. after 1945 to cover up their wartime collaboration. [Emphasis added.]
Moreover, Hitler’s fan-base and mentor network wasn’t just confined Stateside. The elites in both countries worked assiduously to ensure that even before they had any idea who Hitler was, or the plucky Little Corporal himself with anger management issues and penchant for peculiar facial furniture had any idea what he was going to do with his miserable life after he hung up his tattered Great War trench-coat for the last time, [that] someone like him would emerge carpe diem-like from the shadows of immediate post-War chaos and anarchy and bring about the predestined sequel to the War to End all Wars. This singular objective of the imperially minded Anglo-American ‘masters of embroidery’ became the grand game plan from the day the guns fell silent on November 11, 1918.
No matter how determined Hitler was then or how much support he might’ve been able to muster within Germany itself, and no matter how much the chaotic circumstances of Weimar anguish and disquiet might’ve lent themselves to the rise of such a radical political phenomenon, there was no way he would’ve reached the heights of power he did without outside help. As it was, the “chaotic circumstances” were an integral, deliberately fomented, part of Britain’s grand plan, and with that of their eager apprentices across the Big Pond.
Another “Good War” in the Making (A New Season of Pain and Chaos)
To the extent Hitler might’ve entered the history books at all then, it’s difficult to see how the aspiring redeemer of The Fatherland would’ve achieved any higher status than as a ‘blink-‘n-you’ll-miss-him’ footnote—a big-mouthed, Bavarian beer-hall bovver-boy if one likes—had it not been for the same elites on both sides of said Pond providing him a ‘leg-up’. If Hitler had delusions of ‘full-spectrum dominance’ grandeur fuelled by cunning, malevolent intent and overarching ambition (and herein some folks have their reservations his ambitions were imbued with that much “grandeur”), they paled against those of his Anglo-American establishment minders and mentors, and later nemeses.
Again, like as with the Bushes, we’ve recently witnessed a similar measure of selective umbrage and confected angst by leaders in Europe. This was most evident in Britain and even in Germany itself, with Teresa May and Angela Merkel respectively expressing concern at the Nazi-inspired violence and mayhem in Charlottesville, where they singled out Donald Trump’s “failure” to roundly condemn the perpetrators. Few of these like-minded folks in Europe insofar as this writer can recall ever uttered a syllable of protest at the same ideologically inspired hordes that ruled the roost in the Ukraine in 2013-14. The resulting violence and bloodshed in Kiev’s Maidan Square is well documented of course: It was actively encouraged and funded by members of the previous Obama administration and assorted NGOs, most notably by the iniquitous George Soros. And at least tacitly, if not explicitly, it was all given the nod by Washington’s ever-subservient European satraps. The hypocrisy and duplicity is so breathtaking as to be asthma-inducing, even one imagines for those with few illusions about the motives and machinations of our power elites past and present.
For his part, even Prince Charles was prompted to get in on the act by invoking in the recent past Godwin’s aforementioned. In this instance, he was referring to Russia’s president Vladimir Putin, the man the Anglo-American establishment loves to designate then denigrate as the latest incarnation of the Bohemian lance corporal. Not unlike the faux-regal Bushes, ‘Bonnie Prince Charley’, the scion of the British royal family, by a country mile Europe’s greatest promulgators of plunder, pillage, and imperial primacy, was either ignorant of his own family’s wretched, ignoble history, or chose to gloss over such inconvenient realities in the hope that most people wouldn’t notice. We’re talking here about some of his incestuous, in-bred forbears’ infatuation with der Führer, itself being one of the least egregious examples of perfidy and treachery evident in that grotesquely appalling, and longest running, of history’s epic soap operas.
Of course, as Preparata illustrates so vividly, this “infatuation” with Hitler and shilling of the Nazi cause, most notably upon the part of his namesake uncle Edward (a former Prince of Wales) was itself part of the incubation conspiracy so deftly and cunningly assembled by the stewards of the ancien regime. And all this is without mentioning his great-great-grandfather King Edward VII, a man who until his death in 1910, was intimately involved in the imperial intrigues of the so-named “Secret Elites” who engineered the Great War, a role so well documented by Docherty and Macgregor. For that matter, when we allow ourselves to think about it, the First and Second World Wars were in effect history’s most consequential of family feuds.
By the same token, back across the ‘Pond’ we’d be well advised to take with a grain of salt those in the neo-conservative camp (e.g. John McCain, a veritable Maidan Square agent provocateur on behalf of these groups) as well as purported liberal cum progressives (e.g. Elizabeth Warren, decrying the Charlottesville violence and Trump’s response). Their own and other like-minded folks affiliation with and affection for all things Israel (with or without the attendant Jewish heritage and dual citizenship) is well recognised, such that they are willing to turn a blind eye to the “violence”, racism, “hatred”, and murder being perpetrated every other day by the Middle East’s only colonialist apartheid democracy. Israel is of course a nation which contrived itself into being via the regional machinations of la perfide Albion with the 1917 Balfour Declaration and whose actions in Palestine—themselves no less than a work-in-progress of ethnic cleansing and genocide—should help us to place the recent Sturm und Drang in the Old Dominion State in its proper perspective.
As is so often the case, all of these people appear as oblivious to the contradictions evident in the manner of their bespoke umbrage as they are to their own sanctimony and contorted logic. If there’s a more glaring example to be found in the official chronicles of recent human history, this writer would be keen to know about it. This pathological imperviousness to the inherent irony of their actions and motivations is further reflected in their eagerness to pin the label of das neu Führer on the Russian President. This is to say little of the deplorable history of self-serving interference in—and manipulation of—the economic and political affairs of Mother Russia on and off over the past hundred or more years. (More on this in my next piece.)
At the same time, they see no apparent disconnect between doing so and then supporting and funding Nazi-inspired tub-thumping ideologues and rabble-rousers to foment political instability, violence, hatred, and racial discord in the Ukraine, the ‘next Hitler’s’ backyard. All this is expedited one suspects less so as to thwart Putin’s much-touted delusions of world domination grandeur than to provoke him and his Kremlin gremlins into sparking a conflagration which will in turn instantly transmute their own preposterous proclamations into a, a la “we told you so!”, self-fulfilling prophecy.
Having now looked deeper into the consequential role played by the Anglo-American establishment’s in the ‘incubation’ of the real Hitler, it is reasonable to conclude that the multitude of myths, frauds, and deceits fabricated by this insidious bilateral oligarchy to hide the real truth behind the so-called “Good War”, like the one that preceded it, are the most monumentally monstrous and self-serving ever perpetrated upon humanity.
Today of course, the heirs of the political and power elites who knowingly led us into the earlier wars are seeking—attended by similar motives and employing the same methods and means—to once again take us all down the same path. Like the two previous wars—both of which were flagged years in advance by the aggressors such that they virtually became self-fulfilling prophecies—the motives of these elites have little if anything to do with preserving our freedom or democracy, or saving the world from tyranny or oppression.
In everything then from our conventional historiography to the content of our education curricula, the notion of the Second World War as modern history’s definitive battle between good and evil is well entrenched. It is perennially underscored in public discourse, in the popular media, along with the recurrent, solemn commemorations of the tragedy, and the countless tributes to the fallen and their selfless sacrifices. Indeed, so “entrenched” in our collective psyche, and so protected by the gatekeepers of the historical record are these “myths, frauds, and deceits”, that if as a former history teacher I was suddenly thrust back into the classroom and attempted to expound the real truth behind these events, I’d be tarred ‘n feathered and run out of town in a New York minute!
That this almighty, all-encompassing Manichean battle assumed then the mantle of the ‘Good War’ then is both a mystery of sorts and a bloody travesty, suggesting somehow in one fell swoop that is was inevitable, necessary, just, and right. As British historian and author Paul Addison once noted3, ‘the war served a generation of Britons and Americans as a myth which enshrined their essential purity, a parable of good and evil.’ In his 1972 book No Clear And Present Danger: A Skeptical View Of The United States Entry Into World War II, historian Bruce Russett also wrote,
‘Participation in the war against Hitler remains almost wholly sacrosanct, nearly in the realm of theology…. Whatever criticisms of twentieth-century American policy are put forth, U.S. participation in World War II remains almost entirely immune. According to our national mythology, that was a ‘good war,’ one of the few for which the benefits clearly outweighed the costs. Except for a few books published shortly after the war and quickly forgotten, this orthodoxy has been essentially unchallenged.’
But like its predecessor, the so-called War to End all Wars, the designation “good war” qualifies as one of history’s cruelest deceptions and most bitter of ironies. It further adduces evidence of humanity’s unerring predisposition towards imperial dominion and hubris and underscores implacably the Hegelian apothegm that the ‘only thing we learn from history is that we learn nothing from history!’ Again, as with the Great War, to suggest those who served for something much less than what they were told to believe is tantamount to a form of secular sacrilege, that one is churlishly impugning their sacrifice, their patriotism, their honour and self-respect, and their dedication to their country’s ideals, traditions, and values.
The notion that America especially—indeed that of the Anglo-American alliance—could conceivably view World War Two as a Righteous Cause (to paraphrase archetypal war monster and consummate imperial windbag Winston Churchill) is the real sacrilege. As Preparata observes in his introduction, one of the key reasons a more detailed and accurate analysis of the emergence of Nazism is generally eschewed is because it might reveal too much; we might also suggest that since the ploy worked so well the first time, any widespread knowledge of this monumental gambit and awareness of its implications by the populace at large is unlikely to auger well for them repeating it again.
But for Preparata and a few others, the notion that the Nazis were an accident of history, or ‘a creature of chance’, is utterly fraudulent. It is, he notes with unswerving conviction, the Anglo-American clubs that have ‘carried the day’, with their tenure having little to do with ‘human rights, free markets and democracy, regardless of what they may shamelessly profess’. After first declaring that ‘the Anglo-Saxon elites tampered with German politics with the conscious intent to obtain a reactionary movement, which they could then set up as a pawn for their geopolitical intrigues’, the iconoclastic author further lays out his stall in a way which should not fail to resonate with those of us in tune with the here and now:
‘… When this movement emerged immediately after World War I in the shape of a religious, anti-Semitic sect disguised as a political party (that is, the NSDAP), the British clubs kept it under close observation, proceeded to endorse it semi-officially in 1931 when the Weimar Republic was being dismantled by the Crisis, and finally embraced it, with deceit, throughout the 1930s. This is to say that although England did not conceive Hitlerism, she nonetheless created the conditions under which [it] could appear, and devoted herself to supporting financially the Nazis and arming them to the teeth with the prospect of manipulating them. Without such methodical and unsparing ‘protection’ on the part of the Anglo-American elites, along with the complicit buttress of Soviet Russia, there would have been no Führer and no Nazism: the political dynamism of the Nazi movement owed its success to a general state of instability in Germany, which was wholly artificial, a wreckage engineered by the Anglo-American clubs themselves. [Emphasis added.]
The last word herein must go to The Saker, the pseudonymous expatriate Russian blogger. In his recent Letter to My American Friends, along with observing that if international law were to be applied each case, ‘every single American president’ would be deemed ‘a war criminal’, he then paraphrases the indelible verdict of Robert Jackson, chief American prosecutor at Nuremberg, by noting that ‘imperialism contains within itself all the accumulated evil of all empires’. Insofar as to who the good guys and the bad guys are, for The Saker his own verdict is unequivocal:
‘The best thing which could happen to this country and its people would be the collapse of this Empire. The support, even tacit and passive, of this Empire….only delays this outcome and allows this abomination to bring even more misery and pain upon millions of innocent people, including millions of your fellow Americans. This Empire now also threatens my country, Russia, with war and possibly nuclear war and that, in turn, means that this Empire threatens the survival of the human species. Whether the US Empire is the most evil one in history is debatable, but the fact that it is by far the most dangerous one is not. Is that not a good enough reason for you to say “enough is enough”? What would it take for you to switch sides and join the rest of mankind in what is a struggle for the survival of our species? Or will it take a nuclear winter to open your eyes to the true nature of the Empire you apparently are still supporting against all evidence?’
1. Quoted in Hitler’s Banker: Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht, by John Weitz
2. Anthony Sutton’s Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler is one-third of a trilogy of books that document the involvement of the international financial community and Western political elites in engineering major events and developments in history. The other two are Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution, and Wall Street and FDR.
3. Quoted in Wartime: Understanding and Behavior in the Second World War, by Paul Fussell
Greg Maybury is an Australian based journalist and blogger, and partially rehabbed history teacher. His broad areas of exploration and analysis are the U.S. political economy, foreign affairs, social and economic history, international relations, national security, the media, and American society and culture in general.
His articles and essays have appeared on a diverse range of alternative and independent news sites here in Australia, the U.S. and elsewhere, including Dandelion Salad, Consortium News, Russia Insider, Op Ed News, Contra Corner, International Policy Digest, and Gumshoe News.
Greg‘s major areas of interests embrace concerns about—and critiques of—both the neoliberal and neoconservative influence that prevails in social, economic, foreign, financial, military, trade, and national security policy formulation in the U.S., and how this policy framework impacts the American and Western body politic, along with the rest of the world.
From the archives:
Dr. Guido G. Preparata: They Want to Turn Us All into A Global Society of Termites by Mohsen Abdelmoumen
Pentagon Denounces American Nazis While Arming Ukrainian Nazis by Finian Cunningham
Rational Fascism by Michael Parenti
Howard Zinn: Myths of the Good Wars (Three Holy Wars) (must-see)
The Deep History of US, Britain’s Never-Ending Cold War On Russia by Finian Cunningham
The Great American Perpetual Motion War Machine by Greg Maybury
US Driven By Nazi War Machine by Finian Cunningham
Establishing Dictatorships: Lessons from History by Steven Jonas
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Guido: the “predatory mindset” that I call ‘riches for the strongest’, which is the dominant paradigm on this planet right now. We are free to self-modify into believers in inquality, deceit and inequality, but not without consequences.
Preparata loses me when he finds that Allen Dulles didn’t really support Nazis, but actually despised them and only sought to use them. Allen Dulles was a Nazi! And when Guido says he was just a normal guy, that needs serious qualification. No, he didn’t belong to that German political party. But he was what a Nazi is.
I just finished Eric Lichtblau’s “The Nazis Next Door.” This book (2005!) looks like a good complement.