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Will We See the End of Empire in Our Time? by Richard C. Cook

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by Richard C. Cook
featured writer
Dandelion Salad
richardccook.com
May 27, 2008

The following is based on a talk given by the author at the “End of Empire” session of the “Building a New World” Conference of the Prout World Assembly at Radford University, Radford, Virginia, on May 22, 2008.

I believe we have had two Americas. One started with the imperialist state which Alexander Hamilton tried to put into place in the 1790s with the First Bank of the United States. Thomas Jefferson overthrew this early expression of empire in the Civic Revolution of 1800 and created a strong and free America which lasted until 1913 in spite of the convulsion of the Civil War.

In 1913 the empire came back through the Federal Reserve Act and the 16th Amendment to the Constitution authorizing the income tax. Franklin Roosevelt dealt it a blow during the New Deal, but now it has taken over again, starting with the Vietnam War, continuing with the Reagan Revolution, and ending with the catastrophe of Bush II.

Though the America we know and love is in agony, I believe the ‘real’ America is still there, somewhere, among the people, particularly those who remain true to the teaching of the Master, “to love your neighbor as yourself.” Whether and how that America will now come to the fore is, for me, the next big question.

A few weeks after I retired from the government in January 2007, I published a book entitled Challenger Revealed: An Insider’s Account of How the Reagan Administration Caused the Greatest Tragedy of the Space Age.

I had gone to work at NASA in the summer of 1985 as the lead resource analyst for the space shuttle solid rocket boosters.

My first major assignment was to talk with the solid rocket booster engineers and find out about the problems they were having with the O-ring joints. They told me that these joints, located between rocket segments, were being eroded by flame leaks almost every time the shuttle was launched.

The engineers said that if the flame leaks burned all the way through the joints, then the shuttle would blow up. Documents showed that if this happened the astronauts all would die. The engineers said they were trying to redesign the joints but that for now they “held their breath” each time there was a launch.

On January 26, 1986, space shuttle Challenger did blow up for the reason the engineers had described. Among the seven astronauts who died was Christa McAuliffe, the Teacher-in-Space and the first civilian shuttle passenger. I became the only NASA official to testify publicly to the Rogers Commission that NASA had known for a long time this could happen. For my testimony I later received the Cavallo Foundation Award given to whistleblowers for moral courage in business and industry.

After my testimony, the engineers for Morton Thiokol came forward and told how they had tried to stop the launch the night before, because they feared the unusually cold temperatures would prevent the O-ring joints from sealing. NASA refused to accept the engineers’ recommendation for a delay, and their own company managers approved the launch in writing.

This was as far as the Rogers Commission went with its investigation. After four more years of personal investigation, I was able to determine that NASA approved the launch against all expert opinion in connection with the TV publicity for the Teacher-in-Space mission and under pressure from the Reagan White House.

I was also able to show that the reason NASA kept flying, despite the knowledge that the O-ring joints were flawed and that their performance was further compromised by cold temperatures, was so as not to interfere with military launches the shuttle was going to be making in support of President Reagan’s Star Wars weapons-in-space system.

I tell you this story because it is a concrete example of what happens when a nation goes from being a democracy to an empire. For one thing, human life no longer matters. They don’t care if people live or die. They’ll kill millions, whole nations, entire cultures, to get what they covet. And they will give it fancy names, like “The War on Terror.” Or they’ll tell you the earth is overpopulated so hundreds of millions must starve, which is starting to happen even as we speak.

Also, there is always a great leader whose image and prestige matters more than common sense and the truth—a Great Communicator, a Decider, a Unitary Executive. And that leader is going to be good at scaring you and making you do things out of fear you would never do in your right mind.

Finally, under an empire, ideas of science and knowledge—which is to say, Truth—are sacrificed to the imperatives of militarism and national security. What was happening at the time of the Challenger disaster was that the manned space program, which had given mankind some of its greatest triumphs during the Apollo moon landing program, was now being subverted to begin launching weapons into space. Today, no nation in history has been as proficient as ours at inventing things to kill their fellow human beings.

Returning to my personal circumstances, I left NASA a few days after my testimony and spent the next twenty-one years working for the U.S. Treasury Department. There I learned more about what it has meant for us to become an empire, because it has affected public finance as much as space science. And I have studied this topic seriously for years. I publish articles regularly on Global Research and other websites and have a new book coming out this fall entitled, We Hold These Truths: The Hope of Monetary Reform.

The issue of whether we in the U.S. want to be an empire or a democracy goes back to the founding of the nation. In the 1790s, our first Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, got Congress, with President George Washington’s approval, to pass legislation setting up the First Bank of the United States. Hamilton was frank at the time in telling people that the purpose of the Bank was to allow the creation of what he than called an “American empire” in order to compete with the European nations in controlling the world.

The Bank would do the same for the U.S. as the Bank of England did for Great Britain. It would buy government debt and use it as collateral for private lending. The debt would then be used to fund a large standing army and navy, even though in the long run, this could bankrupt the nation. The army and navy began to be built through the 1790s, until Thomas Jefferson and his followers stood up and said this is not the kind of nation we fought to create during the Revolutionary War.

Hamilton and Jefferson split, and that split has defined U.S. politics ever since. Hamilton became the de facto head of the Federalist Party, the ancestor first of the Whigs and then of the Republicans. Jefferson called himself a Republican at first, then a Democratic-Republican, then finally his party became the Democratic Party that has lasted until today. Of course we know that the two parties have come more and more to resemble each other in recent decades in supporting policies of imperialism.

Jefferson was elected president in what was called the Civic Revolution of 1800. The first thing he did was cut military spending. He did what no one has done since, which was to balance the federal budget for eight consecutive years. Then he took an action which defined our nation to a considerable extent all the way into the 20th century. In 1803 he doubled the size of the nation overnight through the Louisiana Purchase.

So for the next century, instead of competing with the European nations for overseas colonies, our energies were devoted to settling the North American continent, to the detriment, of course, of the Native American peoples. We became, as did Russia in Eurasia and Brazil in South America, a continental land power. And we stayed that way for over a century.

But empire finally caught up with us. Across the sea in South Africa a man named Cecil Rhodes was devising a plan to make the British Empire the ruler of the globe. He created a secret society to accomplish this, called the Round Table, using money provided by the Rothschild family, who had controlled the British economy since the Napoleonic wars.

The U.S. was integral to their plans. Following is the relevant passage from Cecil Rhodes’ will of 1877. His aims, he wrote in the will, were:

…The extension of British rule throughout the world, the perfecting of a system of emigration from the United Kingdom and of colonization by British subjects of all lands wherein the means of livelihood are attainable by energy, labour, and enterprise,…the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of a British Empire, the consolidation of the whole Empire, the inauguration of a system of Colonial Representation in the Imperial Parliament which may to tend to weld together the disjointed members of the Empire, and finally the production of so great a power as to hereafter render wars impossible and promote the best interests of humanity.

Think about that: “the ultimate recovery of the United States of America as an integral part of the British Empire.” In fact, as Professor Carroll Quigley made clear in his celebrated book, The Anglo-American Establishment, the British planners, whose descendants still rule that nation, acknowledged that a time would come when the U.S. would be the senior partner in the empire, which is exactly what happened over the century that lay ahead.

The Russian writer P.D. Ouspensky said all the history you read about in the history books is “the history of crime.” This is what he was talking about.

The takeover of America was accomplished when the British, European, and American bankers created the Federal Reserve System in 1913. That year our nation was hijacked. Congressman Charles Lindbergh, father of the future aviator, called it “the legislative crime of the ages.”

The Federal Reserve is a privately-owned central banking system modeled on the Bank of England. From that day onward we got all the accoutrements of empire which have burdened our nation ever since: an enormous national debt, a crushing tax burden, permanent inflation, constant warfare, a gigantic and overweening military-industrial complex, a national character marked by arrogance and violence, and today, the enmity of the world.

Our wealth has been based, first, of course, on our own industriousness and natural resources—a positive—but, when that has proved insufficient, on taking it from others. Until recently our businesses and industry have dominated the globe—ever since World War II. The American dollar has been the world’s reserve currency and the denominator of trade in the “black gold” known as oil.

Through the neocolonialist institution known as the International Monetary Fund, we dominated the economies of the developing world. And we backed up our hegemony with military might. Since the start of World War II in 1941 we have been at war with somebody, either overtly or covertly, continuously. This pattern of warfare accelerated with the Reagan Doctrine of fighting proxy wars starting in the 1980s.

Today our military is based in 166 nations. Our economy is dominated by two industries—banking and armaments. Egged on by Israel and the U.S.-based neocons, we are engaged in the military conquest of the Middle East. This began after the 9/11 attacks through use of off-the-shelf plans to invade Afghanistan and Iraq. We are also seeking “full-spectrum dominance” by planning, once again, to put weapons into space.

And we are bankrupt—morally and financially. We gave away our manufacturing industries to the operators of overseas sweatshops and have tried to live on our investments and the inflation of our homes and paper assets. Our secret intelligence agencies are heavily involved in the illicit drug trade, and we carry out our foreign policy with assassinations, subversion, and torture.

Yet we have a national debt approaching $10 trillion and a total societal debt of $50 trillion, neither of which can ever be paid off. Meanwhile the world’s financial controllers, still mainly based in London along with Wall Street, have gotten unbelievably rich from the proceeds of empire over the decades and are probably laughing up their sleeves as they watch us inch toward the next world war.

Because it’s a fact that the threat of nuclear war which we thought had been dispelled by the end of the Cold War today has come back. Remember talk of the “peace dividend”? What a joke! In our name, and with our money, the U.S. military-industrial complex is seriously preparing for a world war that would be fought with nuclear weapons against Russia and China.

The trigger could be a U.S. attack on Iran, which seems to be in the works and may take place before the November presidential election. Disgusting and corrupt corporate media outlets like the Washington Post are again beating the drums for war on behalf of the financiers and Israel as they did in the run-up to the war against Iraq.

Is there still a chance for us to step back and become the nation we once were, the home of liberty and the hope of mankind? Although I have tried to address these and many other issues in my writings, I honestly do not have the answer to that very pertinent question.

Copyright 2008 by Richard C. Cook

Richard C. Cook is a former U.S. federal government analyst, whose career included service with the U.S. Civil Service Commission, the Food and Drug Administration, the Carter White House, NASA, and the U.S. Treasury Department. His articles on economics, politics, and space policy have appeared on numerous websites. His book on monetary reform entitled We Hold These Truths: The Hope of Monetary Reform will be published soon by Tendril Press. He is also the author of Challenger Revealed: An Insider’s Account of How the Reagan Administration Caused the Greatest Tragedy of the Space Age, called by one reviewer, “the most important spaceflight book of the last twenty years.” His Challenger website is at www.richardccook.com. A new economics website at www.RealSustainableLiving.com is upcoming with partner/author Susan Boskey. To get on his mailing list, for questions and comments, or to pre-purchase copies of his new book, please write EconomicSanity@gmail.com.

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17 Responses

  1. Why United States use to spend yearly trillons of dolars in guns instead of
    pay their debts?
    Thats madnes! Insanity!

  2. […] Will We See the End of Empire in Our Time? by Richard C. Cook […]

  3. […] Will We See the End of Empire in Our Time? by Richard C. Cook […]

  4. If we don’t act soon, we may see the collapse sooner than we think.

  5. […] Will We See the End of Empire in Our Time? by Richard C. Cook […]

  6. […] Will We See the End of Empire in Our Time? by Richard C. Cook […]

  7. “The problem is America has legislated out checks and balances in dealing with economics, trading and currency with no moral leadership …”

    Well, it seems Lame Cherry got one point reasonably accurate if one gives it the benefit of the doubt with regard to coherency.

  8. Thanks everyone for your comments/opinions.

    Thanks Richard for replying to Lame Cherry’s comments.

  9. Dear Lame Cherry:

    I disagree with your reading of history on every point. I believe that Thomas Jefferson was a great president whose wisdom and restraint gave us a century of freedom before we lost it to the power of international finance through the Federal Reserve Act of 1913. You say that “George W. Bush is a decade ahead of those people deeming him a failure.” Well, I happen to believe that the presidency of George W. Bush has been the greatest catastrophe in U.S. history. But everyone is entitled to his or her opinion, and I thank you for your comments.

    Richard C. Cook

  10. Mr. Cook, your comprehension of history is completely flawed and reveals you “read” your history formulated from the leftist opinions of the globalists you claim to expose.

    First, Alexander Hamilton was not an imperialist. He was a Federalist. His implementation of the Bank of America was based upon the national need for governments to make war when attacked and to fund them along with national projects like canals.
    You will be surprised that Mr. Hamilton was abhored by the speculators after the war and sought to make the American economy debt free which he did.
    His bank was a charter bank which was operated by Americans and checked and balanced by Congress.
    To malign the greatest of Americans whom George Washington relied on completely to deal with the mob rule of Thomas Jefferson is reprehensible.
    As for Mr. Jefferson, he stopped nothing of Federalism. He was instead a whisperer who sought to destroy many Americans including Hamilton and John Adams. Jefferson’s policies got 11 million French slaughtered and America invaded during his accomplice’s administration during the war of 1812.
    The strong and free America was created by several noted Americans in Monroe, Jackson, Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. Jefferson’s only claim was setting up an agrarian culture while he gutted national defense with the Louisiana Purchase. He is the greatest dichotomy of greatness and pithiness in America.
    1913 signaled the need for America to grow as Theodore Roosevelt noted it must or become a vassal state and that growth required funding as he overzealously sought to undo the utter failures of Jefferson as he wrote about in his many books.
    The fact is FDR is the complete pipe dream of the left. He ended nothing, but built upon the foundations of communistic trends Woodrow Wilson was blackmailed into.
    FDR’s tax hikes and communist policies of citizens employed by government kept the Great Depression alive at least a lustrom longer than necessary. His policies and lust to supplant Great Britain as world leader started the Pacific war and led America into the European theater when Republican isolationists wanted no part of another leftist Wilson war.

    The Vietnam War was but a continuation of Truman policy of interference which was FDR policy which was Wilson policy.
    Richard Nixon and the noted Henry Kissinger tossed South Vietnam to the wolves as it was deemed expendable for the bigger picture of Eurasia.
    Jimmy Cater sowed the seeds of the entire modern dilemma in Afghanistan, Palestinians, Iranians and Russian Bolsehviks.
    Reagan’s Revolution was the first real return to American principles in economics and foreign policy highlighted by Milton Friedman. The same Friedman who ended the draft and who all of eastern Europe is now prospering under.
    Reagan did not foresee his free trading partners would be plundered by the Soros speculators. The same speculators Hamilton railed against and the same speculators gobbling up dollars which President Bush printed to save the world from a global depression after 911.
    Your assessment of Bush 43 a catastrophe is pure ignorance of foresight. Is New York not a nuclear crater with a trillion dollar clean up with millions dying of cancer for a generation a mistake in it not happening?
    Check the facts on nuclear bombs found in America after 9 11 and the thwarting of bin Laden’s operational nuclear war chest for the facts in America free of WMD attacks.
    If you require a 3rd gambit, realize that other leftists have finally come on to the commentaries posted that Eurasia is about to have another world war. You might at that point with other detractors conclude that holding places like Iraq might be a strategic beach head in this war. Perhaps if you are still unconvinced, buy a nice home in Prague and just sit and wait for eastern invasion of a world war fought there and then ask, “Would I like that war fought in Asia in the “stans” or in the gut of Europe where 300 million people live?”

    Shortsightedness makes profits in books and garners support from those anarchists who hate whatever current administration is place, but knowing George W. Bush is a decade ahead of those people deeming him a failure is going to make a great many people look foolish.

    The problem for America is not empire. It is not Federalism. The problem is America has legislated out checks and balances in dealing with economics, trading and currency with no moral leadership in the majority looking toward God in securing policies which would benefit all as the the wealthy are inclined to do through ridicule.
    Facts are required in every posting and these are the facts gleaned through actual historical papers and not digested histories placed out as propaganda to be repeated to sway the masses.

    America was a Constitutional Republic. It was bastardized under FDR and has become a mob rule socialist democracy. It is close to being a full fledged communist state with a showcase elected group and a oligarch cartel directing the entire American sphere.

    You need in your extended writings to slow down as your assumptions are like a Vulgate Bible in being based upon skewed texts.

    God bless one and all.

  11. Outstanding once again Richard. Kudos to you.

    There are plenty of morally sound people in this nation and we’re getting them on the train day by day.

    As scared as I was just a couple months ago, I have a renewed hope and belief (along with waking up a couple weeks ago with a thought in my head that was, “it’ll all be OK.”) that light will trump darkness.

    Every day it seems some new scandal is hitting the press (of course, if the press is corrupt is that a part of the deal?).

    What we’ve been seeing over the last 60 years sounds A LOT that “forged” document the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. EVERYONE should read it with a mind open enough to replace the words GOY and GOYIM with sheep or ignorant public and replace the words JEW and JEWISH with elite because it’s what I call a double fake – release it, say it’s a fake but it’s really not, at least not the content (who they say is in control of things may in fact be a fake however).

  12. […] Will We See the End of Empire in Our Time? […]

  13. Richard Cook does not suffer fools gladly.Concise detailed & informative writings that comes directly to the point ,right on the chin.Keep up the good work Richard about time someone is prepared to speak up against endemic corruption in governance USA
    They who lead us lead us astray..

  14. Thanks, Nick, DK and Shelia for your comments.

    Shelia, check out these archive of posts: Cook-Richard C.

    Hirschhorn-Joel S.

    Roberts-Paul Craig

  15. I just discovered Richard C. Cook yesterday and am incredibly impressed by him. So far I have only read his last 3 essays (end of empire, battle for america and intentional collapse) but am thrilled to have discovered such a clear, compelling and knowledgeable voice re. the mess we find ourselves in.

    I discovered last August that 9/11 was done by our govt and Israel, and since then have been furiously researching to get to the bottom of how such a thing could have been possible. Now I understand. Our media is completely controlled, our candidates are pre-picked before they become serious contenders, and our elected officers are taking orders from the banking elite who run this world. Nothing makes sense unti you figure this out.

    They needed 9/11 to justify invading the middle east and destroying the Constitution in the name of national security. It hardly matters that the official conspiracy theory is riddled with holes, since the media is controlled, no one finds out about the inconsistencies unless they take the initiative to do the research, as I did. It’s like we are sleep-walking towards a cliff.

    I look forward to reading more of Cook’s articles. Two other great writer/thinkers are Paul Craig Roberts and Joel Hirschhorn. I’m glad there are stil a few left to tell the truth. Thank you Richard C. Cook!

    Sheila Casey

  16. I agree with Nick. Excellent!
    I love Richard Cooks work and his moral courage to speak truth to power.

  17. excellent. thank you for sharing it.

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