by Dave Welch
August 1, 2013
Dave Welch is a retired letter carrier, delegate to the San Francisco Labor Council and organizer with Save the People’s Post Office, a community and labor coalition fighting to stop the closure of the main post office in Berkeley, Calif., where a “direct defense” of the city’s historic facility has been underway since July 27. Here, he reports on actions across the U.S. to stop the closing of post offices and layoffs of postal workers.
WITHOUT QUESTION, the big-business class and their agents in the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) headquarters, the executive branch and Congress are on a path to dismantle the Postal Service, privatize the profitable parts of it, and neutralize or destroy the postal unions.
Their whole economic system is in crisis. It’s not working. So the 1 Percent are trying to pull their own chestnuts out of the fire by a full-bore attack on unions, the workers and the poor–an attack on our union contracts, our jobs, economic security, wages, benefits, working conditions and social services. Their assault on the Post Office is part of this strategy.
The Post Office was founded July 26, 1775, by the Continental Congress to provide public mail service. Today, private companies like Pitney Bowes are salivating over the prospect of grabbing a chunk of this highly successful business, with $69 billion in annual revenues.
The plan? To close post offices in poor and rural areas; shutter mail processing plants delaying the mail by one day to one week; eliminate door-to-door and Saturday mail delivery; and wipe out more than 100,000 union postal jobs in a time of high unemployment. They also want to sell off historic landmark post offices that they own free-and-clear like those in the Bronx, New York and Berkeley, Calif., containing priceless New Deal artwork, and then pay top-dollar to rent retail space to replace it.
How can we fight it? By itself, the legislative strategy–trying to influence Congress–is not working. Congress is bought and sold by the 1 Percent–they won’t begin to listen to us until we’re in the streets, mobilized in all our numbers.
The rank-and-file postal workers, and our communities who support us–this is the source of our real strength. We need to reach out and tap into it, just as we did in the great 1970 postal strike. That grassroots upsurge brought about a big change in the relationship of forces between postal workers and the bosses. What used to be work for poverty wages became a living-wage job, with a union contract to protect the workers’ rights. Any postal worker can see this.
An October 17, 2011, statement by the Million Worker March movement helps to clarify the situation we face today:
All important social movements…in this country were started from the bottom up (rank and file/grassroots) and not from the top down…A handful of the rich and powerful corporations have usurped our government. A corporate and banking oligarchy changes hats and occupies public office to wage class war on working people. They have captured the state in their own interests.
When Ronald Reagan took office as president, one of his first acts was to bust the PATCO air traffic controllers’ union, ushering in three decades of attacks on the union movement and steady decline in the living standards of the working class.
Today, the 1 Percent have a much bigger target–the Postal Service. They hate the fact that the 574,000 who work for the nation’s second biggest employer are under union contract and making a living wage.
They hate the fact that in 1970 the postal workers took their destiny into their own hands and shut down the entire mail system for the better part of a week, demonstrating the power of the workers and disrupting business as usual. And the 1970 nationwide postal strike taught another lesson: that the wealth of the 1 Percent only exists because the 99 Percent creates it for them.
The nation’s largest employer is Walmart. The employer class would dearly love to reduce those 574,000 postal workers to Walmart wages and non-union status. But just because they want it, doesn’t mean they’ll get it.
The Racist Side of the Campaign to Demolish the Post Office and Bust the Unions
There’s another side to the move to dismantle and destroy the public Postal Service, this country’s largest unionized employer. That is the disproportionate effect it would have on workers and communities of color.
If you’ve ever seen a group picture of postal workers from before the Second World War, in many places, it would be a practically all-white group, and mostly men. But after the Second World War, things began to change, with the development of the civil rights and Black liberation movements. The post office began hiring Asian Americans, Latinos, Mexican Americans, African Americans, and a lot more women. By the time of the 1970 strike, it was a much more integrated and diverse work force.
Today, the Postal Service is the largest single source of Black employment (20 percent of the postal workforce). For many workers of all nationalities, it is one of the few places where living-wage jobs are still available in our low-pay, “post-industrial” economy.
The campaign to privatize and de-unionize the USPS is a threat to the livelihood of every affected worker and neighborhood. But it stands to hit hardest in those communities of color that are already suffering unemployment at Great Depression levels. We need a movement that puts in the forefront those most impacted by the postal crisis–Black, Brown and rural communities; elderly, disabled and low-income people.
Building Community/Labor Coalitions in Every City and Town
We can and must build a powerful, nationwide movement to defeat privatization, maintain living-wage postal jobs, expand postal services, and save the Post Office as a public entity operating in the public interest.
This grassroots effort has already begun. Community-based coalitions are springing up, with some creative tactics. Here’s a sampling:
– In New York City, Community-Labor United for Postal Jobs and Services organized large neighborhood protests to stop the closing of postal facilities in Harlem, South Bronx, Staten Island, Chelsea, and Coop City–as well as to keep six-day delivery and preserve living-wage postal jobs. The youth group of Al Sharpton’s National Action Network participated in a “Don’t Close It” march and occupation of a Harlem station. The coalition also organized a march of 500 to the main post office on the anniversary of the 1970 postal strike, and a campaign to save the historic Bronx General Post Office, with active participation by the Puerto Rican community.
– In Portland, Ore., a chanting crowd of 100-plus including postal union heads massed outside University Station, on the USPS chopping block for closing. Inside the station, one retired carrier and nine from Occupy Portland unfurled 10-foot banners reading, “Occupy the Post Office” and “No Closures, No Cuts!” and were arrested when they refused to leave.
Media were all over the story. The community coalition includes Jobs with Justice and Rural Organizing Project, which has mounted a “Return to Sender” campaign to preserve full-service post offices [without reduced hours] all over rural Oregon. When the USPS replaced union postal truckers with scab contractors, the coalition blocked the scab trucks.
– In San Francisco, a large crowd with an Occupy the Post Office banner took over the lobby of the Civic Center Post Office–one of four in the city that the Postmaster General wants to close. The station is a lifeline for the many people without homes, or living in city-supported “single room occupancy” hotels for the very poor–who get their mail in P.O. boxes or at the “general delivery” window.
Some 200 people took part in the rally, march or occupation of the post office. It was organized by Save the People’s Post Office, a coalition that includes National Association of Letter Carriers (NALC) and American Postal Workers Union (APWU) activists, the Living Wage Coalition, San Francisco Labor Council, Church Women United, Green Party, Gray Panthers, Occupy SF Action Council, Union of Unemployed Workers, and Senior Action Network. After the action at Civic Center Post Office, the Postmaster decided not to close the four San Francisco stations after all.
–Local coalitions have banded together to form Communities and Postal Workers United (CPWU). CPWU organized a four-day hunger strike in Washington, D.C. The message of the fasting postal workers to Congress was “Stop Starving the Postal Service!” The fast was heavily covered by national and local media–a breakthrough in explaining to the public about the pre-funding mandate and other efforts to sabotage and privatize the service.
The week ended with a protest at USPS headquarters at L’Enfant Plaza. Retired mail handler John Dennie attempted to make a citizen’s arrest of Postmaster General Donahoe for Donahoe’s criminal actions in seeking to destroy the service. (Dennie charged the Postmaster General with violating Section 18 of U.S. Code 1701, “Knowingly and Willfully Obstructing Passage of the Mail,” and Section 18 of U.S. Code 1703, “Delay of the Mail.”) When police grabbed Brother Dennie, demonstrators sat-in. Since then, CPWU chapters have sprung up in many cities and towns, including Tucson, Ariz., and a very active chapter in southern California.
At the U.S. Capitol last December, when Sen. Joe Lieberman and Rep. Darrell Issa announced their intention of using the lame-duck session of Congress to eliminate six-day mail delivery, CPWU members called a hunger strike for the duration of the session; camped out in a banner-strewn tent on the National Mall facing the Capitol; rented a horse-drawn carriage to bring a giant “Save Saturday delivery” postcard to the White House; hand-delivered to the postal Board of Governors a dossier documenting long delays of mail after the closing of the Frederick, Md., processing plant; and staged an hour-long sit-in at Issa’s office, which led to one arrest and an impromptu 20-minute debate with Rep. Issa himself.
– In Berkeley, Calif., a year-long campaign to stop the sale of our historic post office has energized the community. The entire City Council came out against the sale, as did both houses of the California state legislature. Many hundreds came out to demonstrate and pack the hearings. Many gathered at the steps and in the lobby to sing songs celebrating the post office, including “Please Mr. Postman” with new words.
Legal action to stop the sale is under way, as well as a plan to rezone the post office as part of a historic district of public buildings, so it can’t be sold to private investors. On July 27, 2013, after a rally and fiesta of 200, activists launched a “direct defense” of the historic post office, sleeping overnight in tents on the steps of the post office, providing freshly cooked meals and signing up volunteers.
Each night is “movie night,” starting with the great Italian film Il Postino (“The Postman”). There has been great media coverage.
The movement is underway and growing, initiated by rank-and-file letter carriers, clerks and mail handlers and aroused communities who don’t want to lose their post office. We can no longer wait for “someone else” to get things going. That “someone else” may very well be you.
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Postal Bill Draws Protests in U.S. Cities
by Joseph Piette
August 1, 2013
Bronx, N.Y. — No more door-to-door mail delivery. The end of Saturday mail. Those are just two of the severe cuts approved July 24 by the Congressional committee that oversees the U.S. Postal Service. The National Postal Mail Handlers Union, the Rural Letter Carriers Union, the American Postal Workers Union and the National Association of Letter Carriers all condemned the proposed legislation. APWU president Cliff Guffey predicted it “will lead to the demise of the Postal Service.” (Postal Reporter News, July 26)
Post office supporters and workers who organized rallies in several cities on July 27, the 238th birthday of the federal mail delivery service, also pilloried the bill’s proposals.
Rep. Darrell Issa’s (R-CA) postal reform legislation, H.R. 2748, was passed by the Oversight and Government Reform Committee along party lines, 22-17. The act, if passed by both houses of Congress and signed by President Barack Obama, would make drastic changes to mail service without addressing the main problem — the unnecessary requirement to fund pension health-care costs 75 years in advance.
Issa’s bill comes on top of sweeping postal actions in the last year that have closed 30 percent of mail processing plants; reduced hours by 25 percent to 75 percent in half of all post offices; put 10 percent of post offices up for sale; subcontracted trucking and mail handling; cut thousands of mail routes; and eliminated 60,000 postal jobs. The cuts are creating a slowed-down mail system.
The Issa bill would end mail delivery on Saturdays, except for parcels. It would also replace door-to-door delivery for 40 million homes with neighborhood cluster boxes or curb boxes by 2020. Another 100,000 postal jobs — 20 percent of the workforce — would be eliminated. It would also prohibit no-layoff clauses in future collective bargaining agreements, raise premiums for health and life insurance benefits, and establish “competition advocates” to promote contracting out.
Workers say ‘NO’ to new bill
“Cuts … proposed would drive more mail out of the postal system and could send the Postal Service into a death spiral,” NALC President Fredric Rolando said, “and they would diminish USPS’ ability to take advantage of the obviously booming e-commerce market.” (NALC.org, July 22)
Even Mark Strong, of the National League of Postmasters, criticized the bill, saying it “eliminates the public policy provision in the law that ensures that urban and rural Americans receive parity in mail services. Under H.R. 2748, rural citizens would inevitably become second-class citizens.” (Postal Reporter News Blog, July 25)
The proposed anti-union legislation was heavily criticized at several rallies held July 26 and 27. In Portland, Ore., plans by protesters to occupy the Main Post Office on July 26 were thwarted by the heavy presence of Department of Homeland Security police, postal inspectors and postal managers.
In Vista, Calif., union and community activists picketed outside Rep. Issa’s office on July 26. Besides criticizing H.R. 2748, organizers raised opposition to USPS plans to subcontract the highway movement of mail to the private sector in approximately 162 Postal Vehicle Services sites nationwide. The spoils from privatization would be $65 billion in USPS revenue.
In New York City, a noontime rally on July 27 was held on the steps of the historic 1935 Bronx General Post Office. USPS officials plan to vacate and sell the beautiful structure, which is home to 13 priceless murals by Depression-era artist Ben Shahn.
Several Bronx residents, the Community-Labor United for Postal Jobs and Services, Save the Post Office and others have filed an appeal to the Postal Regulatory Commission challenging the closing. They charge postal officials with neglecting to follow the historic preservation review process. (SavethePostOffice.com, July 19)
The protest featured a number of community and labor representatives, including Ramón Jiménez and Mike Eilenfeldt, two of the Bronx appeal plaintiffs. Pedro Joaquin Aquillar, of the Coalition of Cab Drivers, spoke. This group represents thousands of cab drivers in danger of losing their jobs in a new five-borough taxi plan.
Other speakers included Debbie Szeredy, president of APWU Local 3722; Milagros Cancel, Parents to Improve School Transportation; Julio Muñoz, Congreso Comunitario Del Sur Del Bronx (South Bronx Community Congress); Nieves Ayress, La Peña del Bronx; and Teresa Gutierrez, May 1st Coalition for Worker and Immigrant Rights.
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